Vision

Enabling international sustainable management of valued aquatic species by providing knowledge of animal movements, survival, and habitats and of how all are linked to environmental conditions. Fostering technological and operational innovation that will revolutionize our management of the ocean.

Mission

To create a global partnership to construct and sustain a scientific platform and the associated trained personnel to collect, store, share, analyze, and use aquatic tracking and environmental data to support sustainable management of valued aquatic species.


OTN in Brief

Marine species provide global food security, contribute billions of dollars annually through recreational sport and tourism and are culturally significant to many aboriginal and First Nations groups. Despite their importance, little is know about their survival, movements and migrations, habitat use, and response to the changing ocean climate. Managers and policy makers require profound knowledge and understanding of marine ecosystems to reduce and avoid human impacts. The Ocean Tracking Network’s global monitoring network is providing the scientific foundation for sustainable oceans management.

To achieve a global platform capable of providing this foundation, OTN is deploying state of the art acoustic receivers and oceanographic monitoring equipment in all of the world’s five oceans. This global receiver infrastructure comprehensively examines the local-to-global movements of tagged marine animals such as sharks, sturgeon, eels, and tuna, as well as other marine species including squid, sea turtles, and marine mammals.

OTN unites the finest marine scientists in the world in the most comprehensive and revolutionary examination of marine life and ocean conditions that will change how scientists and world leaders understand and manage pressing global concerns such as fisheries management in the face of climate change.

The Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) provides the support for the global acoustic receiver infrastructure. The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) funds Canadian scientists conducting research using the acoustic infrastructure within Canada. NSERC-supported research addresses key questions by focusing on Canada’s ocean and aquatic ecosystems.

For more detailed information on our current research objectives please visit our Research page.

Values:

  • Excellence in sustained, interdisciplinary science supporting long‐term management and conservation, driven by infrastructures that provide timely, high‐quality, broadly accessible, global data that is interoperable with other data sets. Emphasis on attracting, enabling, and training top quality researchers, both nationally and internationally
  • Collaborative international partnership addressing global problems confronting ocean and freshwater conservation and management in a cost‐effective manner
  • Optimizing opportunities for development of new products and services by Canadian technology industries through the development and maintenance of the OTN global infrastructure.

Concept:

  • OTN is the world’s aquatic animal tracking network. OTN’s underlying concept is to share costs, resources, expertise and data with global partners to enable the creation of a global acoustic telemetry network. OTN also includes work with other technologies, including satellite telemetry and data storage tags, which can contribute knowledge about animal movements and their environmental correlates. OTN’s international value proposition is to strategically make capital and data‐sharing investments that build on the scientific expertise and existing infrastructure of international partners to provide larger platforms that can generate the knowledge that international end users need at an affordable price.

Planned deployments:

  • Tracking will be conducted in each of the world’s five oceans, spanning seven continents, and in freshwater systems that either serve as highways to the oceans for species that migrate between fresh and salt waters, or whose size foster significant movements of valued species entirely within fresh water. OTN will deploy 2000 sonic receivers in its deployments.

Species tracked:

  • The OTN will track species of scientific and strategic interest in various regions of the world, including marine mammals, sea turtles, squid and other invertebrates, and fishes including sharks, sturgeon, eels, tuna, salmon, and cod.

Funding:

  • $45 million from the Government of Canada; ~$128 million from partners.
  • OTN is supported by the Canada Foundation for Innovation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and is headquartered at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
  • More information on OTN funding and other partners can be found on the OTN People page.

 

A full description of the OTN’s background and objectives can be found in the Strategic Plan.


OTN Management and Support

OTN’s management plan aligns strategic goals with management priorities. Governance of OTN is undertaken by the OTN Council on behalf of the University. The Council is advised by a Canadian Scientific Advisory committee that oversees the science work of the NSERC OTN network, and an International Scientific Advisory Committee that fosters collaboration of Canadian institutions and scientists with their international counterparts.

OTN Council

The mandate of the OTN Council is to provide independent, external stewardship of OTN on behalf of Dalhousie University, CFI, and other OTN stakeholders. A new Council was formed in 2012, comprising Canadian and international industry, research, and policy leaders who are lending their considerable expertise to assist in strategic planning, management, growth, and positioning of OTN. Three committees fall under the purview of the OTN Council. They are the OTN Management Committee, the OTN Canada Scientific Advisory Committee, and the OTN International Scientific Advisory Committee (formerly the OTN Global Coordination Committee).

OTN Council Members

  • Martha Crago  VP Research, Dalhousie University
  • Albert Fischer  Head, Ocean Observations and Services Section, UNESCO-IOC
  • James Hanlon  CEO, Institute for Ocean Research Enterprise
  • Peter Harrison (Chair)  Professor Emeritus, School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University
  • Beth Hunter  Program Director, J.W. McConnell Family Foundation
  • Nigel Lloyd  Former Executive VP, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (retired)
  • Christopher Moore  Dean of Science, Dalhousie University (Ian Hill, Acting Dean, July 2015 to June 2016)
  • Leo Muise – Former Executive Director, Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture (retired)
  • Christine Penney  VP Sustainability and Public Affairs, Clearwater Seafoods
  • Trevor Swerdfager  Assistant Deputy Minister, Ecosystems and Oceans Science Sector, Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  • Zdenka Willis  Director, U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration
  • Nikki Beauchamp (non-voting)  OTN Senior Communications Officer
  • Nancy Hayter (non-voting)  Executive Director, Research Services, Dalhousie University
  • Amy (Ryan) Hill (non-voting)  Network Program Officer, Ocean Tracking Network
  • Sara Iverson (non-voting)  Professor, Dalhousie University; Scientific Director, Ocean Tracking Network
  • Alison Janidlo (non-voting)  Senior Program Officer, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
  • Kes Morton (non-voting)  Senior Project Manager, Ocean Tracking Network
  • Douglas Wallace (non-voting)  Scientific Director, Marine Environmental Observation Prediction and Response Network, Canada Excellence Research Chair, Dalhousie University
  • Frederick Whoriskey (non-voting)  Executive Director, Ocean Tracking Network

 

OTN International Scientific Advisory Committee (ISAC) and Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC)

The ISAC and SAC’s roles are to guide, advise, and, where possible and desirable, integrate the planning of Canadian and international research projects, respectively. These groups assist in ensuring that science undertaken in Canada and around the world is consistent with strategic direction and funding priorities.

Chaired by a member of the Canadian scientific community, the OTN Canada Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) advises and reports on the planning and coordination among all projects undertaken under the OTN umbrella in Canada. This group assists OTN in ensuring that the science undertaken in Canada is consistent with the international strategic direction, and that it is consistent with national funding priorities.

ISAC members

  • SAQKim Aarestrup  Senior Scientist, Technical University of Denmark (Denmark)
  • Steven Cooke  Professor and Canada Research Chair, Carleton University (Canada)
  • Paul Cowley  Senior Scientist, South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity (South Africa)
  • Aaron Fisk  Professor and Canada Research Chair, University of Windsor (Canada)
  • Robert Harcourt (Chair)  Professor and Director of Marine Science, Macquarie University (Australia)
  • Kim Holland  Senior Scientist, University of Hawaii (USA)
  • John Kocik  Senior Scientist, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (USA)
  • Joanna Mills Flemming  Professor, Dalhousie University (Canada)
  • Svein Vagle  Senior Scientist, Fisheries and Oceans Canada; Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria (Canada)
  • Amy (Ryan) Hill (non-voting)  Network Program Officer, Ocean Tracking Network
  • Kes Morton (non-voting)  Senior Project Manager, Ocean Tracking Network
  • Sara Iverson (non-voting)  Professor, Dalhousie University; Scientific Director, Ocean Tracking Network
  • Frederick Whoriskey (non-voting)  Executive Director, Ocean Tracking Network

SAC members

  • Christopher Barnes  Professor Emeritus, University of Victoria
  • Steven Cooke (Chair)  Professor and Canada Research Chair, Carleton University
  • Aaron Fisk  Professor and Canada Research Chair, University of Windsor
  • Ian Fleming  Professor, Ocean Sciences Center, Memorial University of Newfoundland
  • Michelle Heupel  Professor and ARC Future Fellow, James Cook University (Australia)
  • Scott Hinch  Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Michael Stokesbury  Professor, Acadia University
  • Svein Vagle  Senior Scientist, Fisheries and Oceans Canada; Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria
  • Alain Vezina  Acting Regional Director of Science, Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  • Dale Webber  Scientist, Vemco
  • Nathan Young  Professor, University of Ottawa
  • Nikki Beauchamp (non-voting)  Senior Communications Officer, Ocean Tracking Network
  • Amy (Ryan) Hill (non-voting)  Network Program Officer, Ocean Tracking Network
  • Sara Iverson (non-voting)  Professor, Dalhousie University; Scientific Director, Ocean Tracking Network
  • Alison Janidlo (non-voting)  Senior Program Officer, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
  • Kes Morton (non-voting)  Senior Project Manager, Ocean Tracking Network
  • Frederick Whoriskey (non-voting)  Executive Director, Ocean Tracking Network

International Data Management Committee (IDMC)

  • Francisco Hernandez (Co-chair) Manager, Data Centre Division, Flanders Marine Institute Platform for Marine Research (Belgium)
  • Reyna Jenkyns Data Stewardship Team Lead – Digital Infrastructure, Ocean Networks Canada (Canada)
  • Joanna Mills-Flemming (Co-chair) Associate Professor, Dalhousie University (Canada)
  • Taryn Murray Researcher, Acoustic Tracking Array Platform (South Africa)
  • Tania Pinnell  Researcher, Department of Fisheries, Western Australia (Australia)
  • Timothy Stone  Director of Product Development – Software, VEMCO Limited (Canada)
  • Ariel Troisi  Oceanography Department Head, Navy Hydrographic Service (Argentina)
  • Peter Walsh  Manager, Data and Information Systems, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), University of Tasmania (Australia)
  • Bill Woodward Animal Telemetry Network Coordinator, NOAA/US Integrated Ocean Observing System (USA)
  • Lenore Bajona (non-voting)  Director of Data Management, Ocean Tracking Network (Canada)
  • Jonathan Pye (non-voting) Assistant Director of Data Management, Ocean Tracking Network (Canada)
  • Kes Morton (non-voting) Senior Project Manager, Ocean Tracking Network (Canada)
  • Frederick Whoriskey (non-voting) Executive Director, Ocean Tracking Network (Canada)

 

Headquarters

OTN Management

 

Technician Web Master Web Programmer Tech Lead Portal Manager Field Ops and Data Acquisition Coordinator Data Management Director NSERC Network Manager Communication and Public Relations Officer Adminstrative Assistant Senior Project Manager Scientific Director Executive Director


Ocean Monitoring

OTN is developing a global infrastructure to collect comprehensive data on sea animals in relation to the ocean’s changing physical properties. Despite its sophisticated technology, the tracking is quite simple. Scientists will tag a wide range of aquatic species — salmon, tuna, whales, sharks, penguins, crabs, and seals, to name a few — with small electronic transmitters that are surgically implanted or attached externally, and can operate for up to 20 years. Acoustic receivers, roughly the size of kitchen food processors, will be arranged 800 metres apart in invisible “listening lines” at strategic locations along the sea floor in 14 ocean regions off all seven continents.

These receivers will pick up coded acoustic signals identifying each tagged sea creature that passes within half a kilometre. As a tagged animal swims over a line, it is recorded. The data are subsequently uploaded to a central database, resulting in current and reliable global records that can be analyzed and applied to many different environmental research efforts. Tags and receivers can also be outfitted with sophisticated sensors that measure the ocean’s temperature, depth, salinity, currents, chemistry, and other properties.

 

OTN will collect the data from the receivers and ocean-sensing instruments by a variety of methods. Ships, or small robotic submarines called Gliders, will patrol over the lines, using acoustic modems to upload data from the receivers. Next-generation receivers will be able to “daisy-chain” data to the next receiver in the line until all the data are transmitted to a shore station. In some areas, receivers will be connected to underwater fibre-optic-cabled “ocean observatories” that send data to researchers instantly. Receivers can also be attached to buoys that relay data ashore via satellite.

Underwater Innovation: Canadian Technology at the Forefront

Hailed as “the ocean’s internet”

 

OTN will provide vast details about changing marine conditions and their impact on sea animals and fish. With investment from CFI, it will open a new window on marine life, using unprecedented technological innovation developed in Canada, much of it in Atlantic Canada. It will improve the world’s ability to study, manage, and protect three quarters of the planet, amid increasing threats from climate change and overfishing.

OTN’s Canadian private sector partners are developing long-lasting tags with codes unique to the OTN, thereby avoiding any coding confusion, keeping the data pure and reliable. The tags range in size from an almond to an AA battery and can be surgically implanted or fastened to a fin. The ease of this application means that tagged fish just need to swim over the receiver and the data are recorded, similar to the way we pay for food at a supermarket checkout using a UPC scanner. With OTN, tagged animals are reporting on their own travel activities, making this information-gathering method much more cost-effective and reliable than the traditional means of sending people to sea in ships.

Developing the next generation of technology

OTN will expand these efforts to a global scale. It will integrate existing and future ocean observation projects, pooling their ongoing results in a central database. CFI’s investment will also help fund a technology development program to further advance Canada’s state-of-the-art tracking technology.

Archival and acoustic tags will be combined into one far more versatile device, with superior data retrieval methods. Take, for example, the Halifax Line, located 130 kilometres offshore of Halifax. Fisheries and Oceans Canada has profiled this shelf from surface to seabed several times a year for about three decades, using research vessels. An OTN curtain along the Halifax Line will provide samples 2,000 times more frequently, with 10 times more accuracy and consistency.

OTN will enable the world’s best minds in marine science and management to collaborate among research institutions located in Canada, the United States, Argentina, Bermuda, Spain, South Africa, Japan, Australia, and elsewhere. This will result in the most comprehensive data to inform marine management practices ever available and will determine how life-sustaining ocean properties are changing in response to climate change in a way never before possible.

Over the next few decades, billions of dollars will be spent on ocean monitoring around the world, so OTN will have tremendous potential for Canada’s economy, while enhancing Dalhousie’s position as a global leader in marine research. Ultimately, this will lead to a deeper understanding of our oceans and climate change effects, and better-informed approaches to fisheries management and conservation of endangered species.


Gliders

The world’s oceans are vast and cannot be properly described using research vessels only. Satellite technology has greatly improved our ability to obtain global coverage of some environmental variables but satellites cannot see into the ocean’s interior. Autonomous gliders can help to fill the gaps between shipboard sampling and satellite imagery.

The Ocean Tracking Network (OTN) deploys two Teledyne Webb Research Slocum electric gliders (OTN200 and OTN201) near continuously along the Halifax Line, running from Chebucto Head to approximately 250 km offshore. Their mission is to provide oceanographic context for the animal tagging efforts of OTN. Ultimately, data from the gliders will provide foundations for models of ocean dynamics that will be related directly to the activities of tracked species.

In addition OTN operates a Liquid Robotics wave glider (SO174, codename ‘DL’) whose primary mission is to upload data from bottom-mounted acoustic receivers and then transmit that data back to shore via satellite. The Wave Glider itself is also a mobile receiver listening for tagged animals. While performing these two functions it also collects oceanographic data on the ocean’s surface.

Visit the ocean gliders and marine observation site to learn more and view glider data.

How the wave glider works: